GLS University Synopsis, Thesis Format & Guidelines

5 Aug, 2022

GLS University Synopsis, Thesis Format & Guidelines

While utmost attention must be paid to the content of the thesis, which is being submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the respective degree, it is imperative that a standard format be prescribed. The same format shall also be followed in preparation of the final soft copies to be submitted to the Library in future. 


Research scholar has to send the PDF file of the thesis via mail on with below subject line keeping your supervisor in the CC:

  • [Roll No]: Application for the Thesis submission - [Discipline]

After approval of synopsis, a scholar has to submit the thesis within 2-6 months from the date of submission of synopsis.

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Organization of the Thesis

This thesis shall be presented in a number of chapters, starting with Introduction and ending with Summary and Conclusions. Each of the other chapters will have a precise title reflecting the contents of the chapter. A chapter can be subdivided into sections, sub-sections and subsub-section so as to present the content discretely and with due  mphasis.

When the work comprises two or more mutually independent investigations, the thesis may be divided into two or more parts, each with an appropriate title. However, the numbering of chapters will be continuous right through, for example Part 1 may comprise Chapters 2-5, Part Two, Chapters 6-9. 


  • The title of Chapter 1 shall be Introduction. It shall justify and highlight the problem posed, define the topic and explain the aim and scope of the work presented in the thesis. It may also highlight the significant contributions from the investigation. 

Review of Literature

  • This shall normally form Chapter 2 and shall present a critical appraisal of the previous work published in the literature pertaining to the topic of the investigation. The extent and emphasis of the chapter shall depend on the nature of the investigation.
  • Report on the present investigation
  • The reporting on the investigation shall be presented in one or more chapters with appropriate chapter titles.
  • Due importance shall be given to experimental setups, procedures adopted, technique developed, methodologies developed and adopted. While important derivations/formulas should normally be presented in the text of these chapters, extensive and long treatments, copious details and tedious information, detailed results in tabular and graphical forms may be presented in Appendices. Representative data in table and figures may, however, be included in appropriate chapters. 
  • Figures and tables should be presented immediately following their first mention in the text. Short tables and figures (say, less than half the writing area of the page) should be presented within the text, while large table and figures may be presented on separate pages.
  • Equations should form separate lines with appropriate paragraph separation above and below the equation line, with equation numbers flushed to the right.

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Results and Discussions

  • This shall form the penultimate chapter of the thesis and shall include a thorough evaluation of the investigation carried out and bring out the contributions from the study. The discussion shall logically lead to inferences and conclusions as well as scope for possible further future work. 

Summary and Conclusions

  • This will be the final chapter of the thesis. A brief report of the work carried out shall form the first part of the Chapter. Conclusions derived from the logical analysis presented in the Results and Discussions Chapter shall be presented and clearly enumerated, each point stated separately. Scope for future work should be stated lucidly in the last part of the chapter. 


  • Detailed information, lengthy derivations, raw experimental observations etc. are to be presented in the separate appendices, which shall be numbered in Roman Capitals (e.g. “Appendix IV”). Since reference can be drawn to published/unpublished literature in the appendices these should precede the “Literature Cited” section. 

Thesis Format

Paper Quality

  • The thesis shall be printed on white bond paper, whiteness 95% or above, weight 70 gram or more per square meter.

Paper Size

  • The size of the paper shall be standard A 4; height 297 mm, width 210 mm.
  • Type -Setting, Text Processing and Printing
  • The text shall be printed employing laserjet or Inkjet printer, the text having been processed using a standard text processor. The standard font shall be Times New Roman/ Calibri of 12 pts with 1.5 line spacing.

Page Format

The Printed Sheets shall have the following written area and margins:

  • Top edge 1 inch (25 mm)
  • Left side 1 ½ inch (38 mm)
  • Bottom edge 1 inch (25 mm)
  • Right side 1 inch (25 mm)
  • Top edge 1 inch (25 mm)
  • Left side 1 ½ inch (38 mm)
  • Bottom edge 1 inch (25 mm)
  • Right side 1 inch (25 mm)
  • When header is not used the top margin shall be 30 mm.


  • Page numbering in the text of the thesis shall be Hindu-Arabic numerals at the center of the footer. But when the candidate opts for header style the page number shall appear at the right and left top corner for the odd and even number pages, respectively.
  • Page number “1” for the first page of the Introduction chapter shall not appear in print, only the second page will bear the number “2”.
  • The subsequent chapters shall begin on a fresh page (fresh odd number page in case of double sided printing). When header style is chosen the first page of each chapter will not have the header and the page number shall be printed at the center of the footer.
  • Pagination for pages before the Introduction chapter shall be in lower case Roman numerals, e.g., “iv”


  • When the header style is chosen, the header can have the Chapter number and Section number (e.g., Chapter 2, Section 3) on even numbered page headers and Chapter title or Section title on the odd numbered page header. 

Paragraph format

  • Vertical space between paragraphs shall be about 2.5 line spacing.
  • The first line of each paragraph should normally be indented by five characters or 12mm. A candidate may, however, choose not to indent if (s)he has provided sufficient paragraph separation.
  • A paragraph should normally comprise more than one line. A single line of a paragraph shall not be left at the top or bottom of a page (that is, no windows or orphans should be left)
  • The word at the right end of the first line of a page or paragraph should, as far as possible, not be hyphenated.

Chapter and Section Format


  • Each chapter shall begin on a fresh page (odd number page in case of double sided printing) with an additional top margin of about 75mm. Chapter number (in HinduArabic) and title shall be printed at the center of the line in 6mm fontsize (18pt) in bold face using both upper and lower case (all capitals orsmall capitalsshall not be used). A vertical gap of about 25mm shall be left between the Chapter number and Chapter title lines and between chapter title line and the firstparagraph. 

Sections and Sub-sections

  • A chapter can be divided into Sections, Sub-sections and Sub-sub-Sections so as to present different concepts separately. Sections and sub-sections can be numbered using decimal points, e.g. 2.2 for the second section in Chapter 2 and 2.3.4 for the fourth Sub- section in third Section of Chapter 2. Chapters, Sections and Subsections shall be included in the contents with page numbers flushed to the right. 
  • Further subsections need not be numbered or included in the contents.
  • The Section and Sub-Section titles along with their numbers in 5 and 4mm (16 and 14 pt) fonts, respectively, in bold face shall be flushed to the left (not centered) with 15 mm space above and below these lines.
  • In further subdivisions character size of 3 and 3.5 with bold face, small caps, all caps and italics may be used for the titles flushed left or centered. These shall not feature in the contents.

Table / Figure Format

  • As far as possible tables and figures should be presented in portrait style. Small size table and figures (less than half of writing area of a page) should be incorporated within the text, while larger ones may be presented on separate pages. Table and figures shall be numbered chapter -wise. For example, the fourth figure in chapter 5 will bear the number Figure 5.4 or Fig 5.4
  • Table number and title will be placed above the table while the figure number and caption will be located below the figure. Reference for Table and Figures reproduced from elsewhere shall be cited in the last and separate line in the table and figure caption, e.g. (after McGregor[12]). 

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Looking for a Bachelor, Master, Doctoral(PhD) dissertation, thesis Format and Typing Instructions for GLS University? Hit the Link and you'll find the PDF File of Format.